Author: Joseph F. Stoltz III

Joe Stoltz is a historian at the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon. He is the author of A Bloodless Victory: The Battle of New Orleans in History and Memory (Johns Hopkins University Press: 2017). He earned his PhD in history at Texas Christian University and his BA and MA in history at the University of New Orleans.

The War Years (1775-1783) Posted on

Le Plus Détaillée: The July 1781 Reconnaissance of New York

Continental Army general George Washington sat atop his horse ignoring the “smart skirmish” raging around him.[1] He could have joined his soldiers in attacking the Hessian troops “very much allarm’d” by the Americans’ “sudent appeerence before their works.” [2] Instead, Washington focused on the fortifications just beyond the Germans. The skirmish that occurred on July […]

by Joseph F. Stoltz III