Dr. Richard Gardiner is assistant professor of history education at Columbus State University in Georgia. Dr. Gardiner earned a Bachelor's degree, Magna Cum Laude, in Philosophy and History at the University of Maryland. He then earned state teaching credentials at Princeton University. He completed a Master's Degree at Princeton Theological Seminary and a Ph.D. in History at Marquette University in Milwaukee. Dr. Gardiner’s dissertation, The Presbyterian Rebellion, expands on the theme of this article.