Kieran J. O’Keefe is a history Ph.D. candidate at The George Washington University. His research primarily focuses on Loyalists in the Hudson Valley of New York, exploring how conflict, upheaval, and forced migration shaped Loyalist communities during and after the Revolutionary War. Other research interests include Canada during the American Revolution, the life of George Washington, and the history of Alexandria, Virginia. Prior to attending George Washington, Kieran received his M.A. from the University of Vermont and his B.A. from Mount Saint Mary College.