When we speak of history books normally we refer to non-fiction. But, what of fiction? There is a definite place for novels in our understanding of the Revolutionary War. A good, I stress “good,” historical novel puts flesh on the bones of facts. And, they can be a fun read. They also attract many people to history that a non-fiction book would not. I for one read a lot of historical fiction when I was young… and have never regretted that it led me to a lifetime enjoying history.
Now, I read few historical novels but there are some that I have enjoyed time and time again. They’re more than a good read. They’re history alive. Here is my top 10 Revolutionary War novels in no particular order.
This book may well be the best historical novel of the Revolutionary War.
We Americans, when reflecting on the Revolutionary War, often tend to think of ourselves as kindred spirits with the revolutionaries. We remember the Patriots who threw off the yolk of British oppression as the good guys. The British, the Loyalists or Tories, those who remained true to the King, are the bad guys.
The world however, is never quite so black and white as this. Historian Kenneth Roberts, and he is an historian not just a novelist, turns the tables on our ingrained sense of good and bad, right and wrong.
The hero of the story, Oliver Wiswell, is a very compelling and sympathetic character. The reader immediately likes Wiswell and finds himself agreeing with Wiswell’s thoughts and actions as being entirely reasonable and sensible. But,….and here’s the rub, Wiswell is a Tory. This plays tricks on our preconceived notions of who is right and who is wrong. In Wiswell’s eyes he and those of similar loyalties are Patriots and those who fight against the established government are rebels bent on destroying all that is good in the world through Civil War.
The reader witnesses the brutality of rebel mobs as they tar and feather those whose beliefs differ from their own. Houses are ransacked, men and women are intimidated and publically humiliated. Free speech and free press are privileges only enjoyed by the rebels. The reader sees the war from the “other side.”
While the book is longer than many it reads quickly. The characters are very well developed, sometimes with a great deal of humor. The historical events and characters are easily accepted as authentically portrayed. One wishes the story did not end.
Oliver Wiswell is by itself a good historical read. With the added benefit of the convincing, if uncomfortably unsettling for many of us, Tory viewpoint it becomes essential to grasping the story of the first American Civil War; the American Revolution.
These two novels tell of the great trek made to attack Quebec and the battles in upstate New York on Lakes Champlain and George. It also describes, vividly, the real military hero, and patriot, Benedict Arnold was at that time. While not reaching the stature of Oliver Wiswell these novels are excellent in their own right.
Drums Along the Mohawk - Walter D. Edmonds, 1936.
Don’t let the date scare you away. This is an outstanding story set in the Mohawk Valley of upstate New York. The settlers, with little help from the Continentals, face off against Tories and Indians along the frontier. There, the battles of Oriskany, Ft. Stanwix, Cherry Valley and others are played out in ruthless fashion. The settlers, including women and children, could only band together small groups to defend against organized military attacks on their farms and villages. This is up close and very personal. The book was also made into an excellent film starring Henry Fonda and Claudette Colbert, directed by John Ford.
Johnny Tremain – Esther Forbes, 1945.
This is one of the most outstanding historical novels. The action takes place in Boston at the start of the Revolution. While it was written with a young adult audience in mind there is little that would be dismissed by an adult as juvenile and much that is thought provoking. The thinking behind the Sons of Liberty are well portrayed. The conflicts between Royal governance and the people of Massachusetts is spelled out very clearly. The conflicts escalate from disgruntlement, to resistance and finally to armed hostilities. This too has been made into a film in the late 1950’s which is well worth watching.
April Morning – Howard Fast, 1961.
This novel is one of my favorites and I’ve read it probably more than any other. It tells the story, over a 24 hour period, of the battles of Lexington/Concord as seen through the eyes of a 15 year old boy about to become a man. Waiting on Lexington Green in the darkness, not knowing what, if anything, will happen is very real. The tension rises as dawn nears bringing with it, out of the mists, the sound of beating drums and marching feet.
The writing is so realistic the reader finds himself standing on the green, nervously clutching his fowling piece, shifting his weight from one foot to another. With dry mouth and a knot in the stomach the redcoats are seen coming into view. In a few minutes the little band of minutemen is facing lines of soldiers, their bayonets gleaming. Officers order the citizen soldiers off the King’s Green. A shot is fired. Instantly, a ragged volley erupts from the soldiers who then charge with lowered bayonets.
The reader spends the rest of the day with the young man as he fights along the road as the British retreat to Boston. This is “you are there” writing at its very best. I highly recommend this book to anyone – young or not. The film taken from his novel is also recommended.
The Crossing – Howard Fast, 1971.
Citizen Tom Paine – Howard Fast, 1943.
The Hessian – Howard Fast, 1972.
Conceived in Liberty – Howard Fast, 1939.
While I hold April Morning in the highest regard Howard Fast’s other Revolutionary War novels are also very well done. Time spent reading these will not be wasted.
That’s my short list. Please add your comments below. Books are a very personal thing and no doubt others will have their own favorites.